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What is Diabetes?

Diabetes is a group of diseases marked by high levels of blood glucose resulting from defects in insulin production, insulin action, or both. Diabetes can lead to serious complications and premature death, but people with diabetes can take steps to control the disease and lower the risk of complications.

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What is the prevalence of diabetes by type?

Type 1 (previously called insulin-dependent or juvenile-onset) diabetes accounts for approximately 5 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes in adults.

Type 2 (previously called non-insulin-dependent or adult-onset) diabetes accounts for 90 to 95 percent of all diagnosed cases of diabetes in adults.  Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed in children and adolescents.

Gestational diabetes occurs in 2 to 10 percent of pregnancies. Women who have had gestational diabetes have a 35 to 60 percent chance of developing diabetes, mostly type 2, in the next 10 to 20 years. 

Prediabetes : A Risk Factor for Type 2 Diabetes. People with prediabetes have blood glucose levels that are higher than normal, but not high enough to be diagnosed as diabetes. Unfortunately, prediabetes can put people at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

Although about 33% of U.S. adults have prediabetes awareness of this risk condition is low. Less than 10% of U.S. adults with prediabetes report that they have ever been told that they have prediabetes. Progression to type 2 diabetes among those with prediabetes is not inevitable.

Studies have shown that people with prediabetes can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes by losing 5%–7% of their body weight and getting at least 150 minutes per week of moderate physical activity. Because awareness of prediabetes is low, we anticipate that the percentage of people who are aware that they have prediabetes will rise as diabetes prevention efforts progress.

Diabetes is a serious disease

It affects almost every part of your body. That is why health care team may help you take care of your diabetes.

Steps to Control Your Diabetes

All people with diabetes need to make healthy food choices, stay at a healthy weight, and move more every day.

Taking good care of yourself and your diabetes can help you feel better. It may help you avoid health problems caused by diabetes such as:

1. Know your diabetes ABCs

Talk to your health care team about how to manage your A1C, Blood Pressure, and Cholesterol.

2. Manage your diabetes

Avoid the long-term problems of diabetes by taking good care of yourself. Work with your health care team to reach your ABC taget.

3. Get routine care

See your health care team at least twice a year to find and treat any problems early